Salami Hot Italian (American-Style)
Curing one’s own salami is extremely gratifying and not nearly as difficult as you might think. There’s also an immense satisfaction of having a hand in an amazing transformation of a cheap cut of pork into a high-priced salami fit for a king. Italian salami can be served in sandwiches, pasta salads or as a gourmet appetizer.
5 lbs pork butt (2.27 kg)
1/2 lb pork back fat (227 g)
3 tbsp Bactoferm LHP (10.3 g)*
3 1/4 tbsp pickling salt (63.4 g)
1 1/4 tsp Prague Powder #2 (7.0 g)
1 tsp garlic powder (3.1 g)
1 1/2 tsp anise seed, ground (2.7g)
2 1/2 tsp cayenne pepper (5.5 g)
1 1/2 tbsp powdered dextrose (13 g)
2 1/2 tbsp red pepper flakes (15.8 g)
65mm beef middles or 2 1/2” diameter protein-lined fibrous casings
1. Chill pork/fat to 31°F (-0.55°C), grind pork once through a 1/4” (6mm) plate, grind fat once through a 3/8” (10mm) plate.
2. Prepare slurry by mixing F-LC culture with enough chlorine-free water to equal to 0.5% of the batch weight, stir well, set aside.
3. Combine ground meat with remaining ingredients; mix well until it’s batter like, add culture slurry, mix additional 2-3 minutes.
4. Stuff meat batter into beef middles or protein-lined fibrous casings, tie off in lengths to fit your drying chamber.
5. Ferment product at 85°F (29°C) at 90% relative humidity (RH) for 24 hours.
6. Dry age at 55-60°F (13-16°C) @ 70-75% relative humidity for 4-5 weeks or until product has lost 30% of its green weight.
7. Pepperoni has a shelf life of 75 days at 50-59°F (10-15°C) @ 68-70% RH if the original casing is left intact.
*The manufacturer of Bactoferm LHP meat starter culture suggests that you use at least at least one quarter of the 42-gram packet for small batches under 50 pounds. This breaks down to 10.3 grams or 3 tbsp per batch (see the manufacturer's complete instructions included with each culture packet).
A smoker can be used to incubate (ferment) dry and semi-dry sausages. Simply hang product in smoker, close damper and regulate the heat and relative humidity, according to the formulation instructions––no smoke.
Cure #2 is crucial in the production of dry sausage. It inhibits the growth of unwanted bacteria while improving the color and flavor of the final product. Notes:
Keep in mind that if larger casings are used to make this salami, the drying time will have to be increased accordingly to achieve a 30% weight loss.